[Image Source: בית כנסת זכרון משכן שילה – Beit Knesset Mishkan Shilo]
Shiloh is beautiful and remote hilltop community located in the center of the region of Samaria. The modern community of Shiloh rests just west of the Biblical city. The area of Biblical Shiloh is referred to today as Tel Shiloh or the Mound of Shiloh. As far as Jewish communities go, Shiloh has one of the strongest connections to our history. Shiloh was the Biblical community where the Mishkan (the Tabernacle) was first placed in Israel. According to Talmudic sources, the Mishkan remained at Shiloh for 369 years. During the years when the Mishkan resided in Shiloh, Jewish men and sometimes their families would make a pilgrimage to the holy city to offer sacrifices and worship G-d, during the 3 holidays of Pesach, Shavuot and Sukkot.
The city of Shiloh and the Mishkan play such a prominent role in Jewish history that today, there is a beautiful synagogue shaped to resemble the Mishkan, the nearby town of Eli is named after the priest who served at the Shiloh Mishkan and the area of Tel Shiloh is an archaeological site where the story of ancient Shiloh unfolds to visitors of the area.
According to the Gush Emunim movement, Shilo was considered a potential site for a community as early as 1974. In January 1978, a modern community was established adjacent to the ancient biblical site, Tel Shilo. The Gush Emunim group lobbied the government and helped to establish communities in the Judea and Samaria areas of Israel. Other areas that Gush Emunim helped create include Elkana and Kedumim.
The hesder yeshiva of Shilo was founded in 1979 and has an average student body of about 150, which includes approximately 25 Kollel (advanced yeshiva) members.
Shiloh is located within the jurisdiction of the Mateh Binyamin Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 3,727 (which includes people from the suburb called Shvut Rachel). The city is located in the portion of Israel that was designated for the tribe of Efraim.